Dissertation Defense: Julia Famularo
Candidate name: Julia Famularo
Advisor: James Millward, Ph.D.
Title: “Fighting the Enemy with Fists and Daggers:” The Chinese Communist Party’s Counterterrorism Policy in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region
Chinese Communist Party (CCP) ethno‐religious policies in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) represent an evolving, complex, and controversial approach to managing regional tensions. CCP General Secretary Xi Jinping is using a spectrum of tactics to combat the so‐called “three evil forces” [三股势力] of ethnic separatism, religious extremism, and violent terrorism, ranging from heavy police actions against perceived subversion to inducements for minorities to enjoy the purported fruits of CCP rule and assimilate into Chinese society.
Convincing ethno‐religious minorities that they stand to reap significant benefits by embracing the Party‐state would consequently also yield benefits for China’s strategy to counter the three evil forces: a local population that wholeheartedly supports the regime is less likely to subvert the nation through violent means. The Party thus seeks to strengthen and deepen its ongoing campaign to assimilate Turkic Muslims into mainstream Chinese society through a combination of hard, soft, and sharp power. An increase in interventionist policies concurrently facilitates political, economic, cultural, and linguistic integration.
This project will examine some of the core aspects of the Xi administration’s efforts to counter perceived ethnic separatism, religious extremism, and violent terrorism in Xinjiang. Chapter One discusses how ideological imperatives influence Beijing’s approach to combatting the three evil forces. Chapter Two examines key counterterrorism frameworks, regulations, and policies affecting the XUAR. Chapter Three reflects upon educational policy and practice. Chapter Four examines the management of religious affairs. Chapter Five describes manifestations of soft, hard, and sharp power, including the use of a deepening, expanding, and nested system of surveillance, patrols, and restrictions on movement. Chapter Six examines the emergence of so‐called “vocational education and employment service centers.” The conclusion considers the collective impact of the Party’s directives, regulations, and policies on ethno‐religious instability in the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.
Tuesday, July 16 at 10:00am to 12:00pm
Edward B. Bunn, S.J. Intercultural Center, 662
37th and O St., N.W., Washington
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