From the Holocaust to the Gulag: Prosecuting Jewish "Collaboration" in Stalinist Courts after WWII
As the Second World War ended, a determined Soviet state started to comb individual histories within previously occupied territories, searching for various types of “collaborators,” aiming to re-establish its grip on a profoundly shaken society. This paper focuses on one of the most unexpected groups caught in this massive punitive act – Jewish survivors of the Holocaust. Building on archival documents originating from Soviet Moldavia, this study demonstrates that the trials of Jews accused of wrongdoing while holding leadership positions inside Romanian internment camps and ghettoes became the locus of heated moral and legal debates. While revealing a complex story of Soviet postwar social negotiations regarding the boundaries of responsibility of individuals acting under duress, this study also expands and complexifies our understanding of the Stalinist justice system.
Dr. Diana Dumitru is an Associate Professor of History at Ion Creangă State University of Moldova. Her fields of expertise include the Holocaust in Eastern Europe, Soviet history, nationalism, and the politics of history. Dr. Dumitru has authored over thirty articles and two books. Her second book, The State, Antisemitism and the Collaboration in the Holocaust: The Borderlands of Romania and the Soviet Union, was published by Cambridge University Press in 2016. Currently, Dr. Dumitru serves as a research fellow at the Vienna Wiesenthal Institute for Holocaust Studies, Austria.
Friday, March 22 at 12:00am to 12:00am
Edward B. Bunn, S.J. Intercultural Center, ICC 662
37th and O St., N.W., Washington